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Animals in Uganda

The official checklist of animals in Uganda you may see on safari includes big and small mammals in savannah and rainforest.

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This one’s no secret – Africa’s best known for its wildlife phenomenon, and Uganda’s takes an impressive chunk of the wild pie.

The official checklist of animals in Uganda lists 342 species, representing both west and east African mammal. Using the same distinction between small and large mammals as that of the checklist, 132 of the species occurring in Uganda are large mammals and the other small mammals.

The small mammals consist of 94 bat species, 70 rats and mice, 33 shrews and otter shrews, eight gerbils, four elephant shrews, and a solitary golden mole.

If you’re lucky enough to consider a wildlife-watching experience while on safari in Uganda, consider visiting Uganda’s magnificent wildlife destinations. The thrills of a typical African safari are many.

On a self-drive safari trip, you might have anxious antelopes springing across the road as you approach while their mellower buddies stand there outside your window, twitching their tails in the sunlight.

Suppose you’ve planned an all-inclusive Uganda safari and chosen to hoist yourself up into a safari truck. In that case, you may find yourself chauffeured into the midst of a herd of elephants, their wrinkled hides almost close enough to touch or park right in front of a large herd of buffalo lying in a field on a night drive and experience the adrenaline hike with dangerously skittish beasts like the twinkle of dozens of tiny eyes in the moonlight.

A walking safari among the African bush with an expert local will deliver the right jilt of experience up your spine. Boat trips can offer a front-row seat of watching animals in Uganda, an experience revered by many a traveler.

What follows is an overview of the large and small mammal species known to occur in Uganda, pointing out the distribution and habitat within Uganda’s wildlife destinations. Click on the appropriate link to find a detailed description of the animal.

But first, get familiar with what a traveler may consider the most dangerous animals in Uganda.

List of Animals in Uganda

Primates

Primates are mammals of an order that includes lemurs, bushbabies, tarsiers, marmosets, monkeys, apes, and humans. They are distinguished by having hands, feet similar to hands, and forward-facing eyes, and, except for humans, they are typically agile tree-dwellers.

Primates exceptionally take the most considerable tourism attention of all animals in Uganda, with the present checklist showing off 13 diurnal and six nocturnal species.

Six of the diurnal primates in Uganda are guenon monkeys. The velvet and blue guenon monkeys, for instance, are both widespread African species known by at least five different common names, and both have over 20 recognized races, some of which scientists consider to be separate species.

Apes

Ape (superfamily Hominoidea) includes any primate without a tail of the families Hylobatidae (gibbons) and Hominidae (chimpanzees, bonobos, orangutans, gorillas, and human beings).

Great apes are distinguished from monkeys by the complete absence of a tail and presence of an appendix and by their more complex brains. The great apes are so closely related to humans that even scientists place the chimpanzee as closely related to humans as it is to any other ape.

Only two of the great apes live in Uganda.

Monkeys

All the monkeys found in Uganda are members of the family Old World Monkeys (Cercopithecidae). They fall into five genera: Colobus (closely related to the leaf-eating monkeys of Asia), Cercopithecus (guenons), Papio (baboons), Erythrocebus (patas), and Cercocebus (mangabeys). Read more …

baboon

Baboons (Papio Anubis)

Patas Monkey

Patas monkey (Erythrocebus patas)

vervet monkey uganda

Vervet monkey (Cercopithecus aethiops)

Uganda Blue monkey (Cercopithecus mitis)

Blue monkey (Cercopithecus mitis)

De Brazza's Monkey uganda

De Brazza’s monkey (Cercopithecus neglectus)

golden monkeys in Uganda

Golden Monkey (Cercopithecus mitis kandti)

Grey-cheeked Mangabey Uganda

Grey-cheeked Mangabey (Cercocebus algigena)

Black-and-white Colobus Monkey Uganda

Black-and-white colobus (Colobus guereza)

red-tailed monkey uganda

Red-tailed Monkey (Cercopithecus ascinius)

red colobus monkey uganda

Red Colobus (Piliocolobus badius)

L'Hoest's Monkey Uganda

L’Hoest’s monkey (Cecopithecus lhoesti)

Nocturnal Primates 

Seldom observed on account of their nocturnal habits, the prosimians are a relic group of primitive primates more closely related to the lemurs of Madagascar than to the diurnal monkeys and apes of the African mainland.

bushbaby uganda

Bushbaby

potto nocturnal primate uganda

Potto (Perodicticus potto)

Carnivores Animals in Uganda

A total of 38 carnivores have been recorded in Uganda: five canid species, seven felines, three hyenas, ten mongooses, six mustelids (otters, badgers, and weasels), and seven viverrids (civets and genets).

Felines (Cats)

Feline (Felidae) includes any of 37 cat species that, among others, include the cheetah, puma, jaguar, leopard, lion, lynx, tiger, and a domestic cat. Cats are native to almost every region on Earth, except for Australia and Antarctica.

They are carnivorous mammals that live in various habitats, but they are typically woodland animals.

Smaller Cats (Felis)

serval cat uganda

Serval Cat

African Golden Cat uganda

The African Golden Cat

African wild cat (Felis lybica)

The African Wild Cat

Canids (Dog Family)

The Canidae is a family of medium-sized carnivores, of which the most familiar is the domestic dog.

Five species, all recognizably dog-like in appearance and habits — are some of the animals present in Uganda, though none is widespread.

Black-backed jackal (Canis mesomelas mesomelas)

Jackals (Canis)

Bat-eared fox in Kidepo Valley Uganda

Bat eared fox (Otocyon megalotis)

African hunting dog (Lycaon pictus) in Uganda

African hunting dog (Lycaon pictus)

Other Carnivores

Spotted Hyena (Crocuta crocuta) in Uganda

Spotted Hyena (Crocuta crocuta)

African Civet civettictis civetta Uganda

African Civet (Civettictis civetta)

Mellivora capensis honey badger in Uganda

Honey Badger (Mellivora capensis)

genets genetta uganda

Genets (Genetta genetta)

Spotted Necked Otter (Hydrictis maculicollis)

African Otters

Herbivores

Antelope in Uganda

Some 29 antelope species — about one-third of the African total are included on the checklist for Animals in Uganda.

There are probably no more than ten roan antelope remaining in Uganda, while no oryx is left. Of the species that do occur, they live in the category of large antelope, eight in the category of medium-sized antelope, and the remainder are small antelope.

Large antelope

Common eland (Taurotragus oryx) in uganda

Common eland (Taurotragus oryx)

Greater Kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros) in Uganda

Greater kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros)

Jackson's hartebeest

Hartebeest (Alcelaphus buselaphus)

Defassa waterbuck (Kobus ellipsiprymnus) in uganda

Defassa waterbuck (Kobus elipsyprymnus defassa)

Roan antelope (Hippotragus equinus)

Roan antelope (Hippotragus equinus)

Uganda Kob

Uganda kob (Kobus kob thomasi)

Bushbuck tragelaphus scriptus in Uganda

Bushbuck (Tragelaphus scriptus)

Sitatunga (Tragelaphus spekei) Uganda

Sitatunga (Tragelaphus spekei)

Uganda Kob

Uganda Kob (Kobus kob thomasi)

Bushbuck tragelaphus scriptus in Uganda

Bushbuck (Tragelaphus scriptus)

Sitatunga (Tragelaphus spekei) Uganda

Sitatunga (Tragelaphus spekei)

Sitatunga (Tragelaphus spekei) Uganda

Sitatunga (Tragelaphus spekei)

Grant's Gazelle Uganda antelope

Grant’s Gazelle (Nanger granti)

Bohor reedbuck in Uganda

Reedbuck (Redunca)

Impala pian upe uganda

Impala (Aepyceros melampus)

Male Lesser Kudu in Uganda

Lesser Kudu (Tragelaphus imberbis)

Very small antelope

Gray duiker (Sylvicapra grimmia)

Common Duiker (Sylvicapra grimmia)

black-fronted duiker (C. nigrifions)

Forest Duiker (Cephalophus subspecies)

Bates' Pygmy Antelope

Bates’ Pygmy Antelope (Neofragus batesi)

Klipspringer Oreotragus oreotragus uganda

Klipspringer (Oreotragus oreotragus)

Oribi Ourebia ourebi in uganda

Oribi (Ourebia ourebi)

Guenther's dik-dik Madoqua guentheri Uganda

Guenther’s dik-dik (Madoqua guentheri)

Large Herbivore Mammals found in Uganda

African Elephant - Uganda Travel blog

African elephant (Loxodonta africana)

White Rhinoceros uganda

Rhinoceros

Murchison Hippos on Paara Boat launch

Hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius)

Rothschild Giraffe in Uganda

Giraffe (Giraffa camelopardus)

Burchell's zebra in Uganda

Burchells zebra (Equus burchelli)

African Buffalo

African buffalo (Syncerus caffer)

Other Herbivores

African pig or swing, the warthog (Phacochoerus africanus)

African Pig (Swine)

Hyrax in Uganda

 

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Animals in Uganda

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