The Nature of Elephants

What do you know about Elephants? Did you know that an Elephant’s ears are in the shape of African Map? so interesting, Checkout this whole lot of information about elephants.

Elephant is the largest animal on planet earth, a mature elephant ways 7 to 8 tonnes  especially a male one and its life span ranges in between 40 to 75 years.

The elephant is the largest terrestrial mammal on earth. Elephants exhibit complex intelligence, social behaviour, and play a key role in the wild ecosystems. Despite their important roles in maintaining ecological balances and the flow of tourism income to the range states, the African elephant remains one of the top most species faced with high risk of extinction.

In the past, elephants had an extensive range of habitats, traversing across the country through migration corridors. However, the current increase in human population, coupled with the demand for arable land and settlement, has reduced the suitable habitat range for elephants in Uganda. This trend has contributed to the fragmentation of elephant habitats and affected their natural migratory pattern and dispersal behaviours. As a result, the distribution of elephants is limited to protected areas except for a few which are found in patchy habitats outside wildlife protected areas. Due to lack of effective or functional corridors, elephant migrations and dispersal behaviour are now restricted.

At the moment, the largest populations of elephants in Uganda are found in Queen Elizabeth National Park (2913), other Protected Areas with elephants are Murchison Falls National Park (1330), Kidepo Valley National Park (407) and Kibale National Park (487) with few individuals found in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Rwenzori Mountains National Park, Toro Semliki Wildlife Reserve, Katonga Wildlife Reserve, Budongo Forest Reserve outside Murchison Falls Protected Area, Karenga Community Wildlife Area, Otze/ Dufile, Aswa Lolim and East Madi Wildlife Reserve.

Come back tomorrow for more information about Elephants.

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