- Common Name
- defassa waterbuck
- Genus Species
- Kobus (native African name) ellipsiprymnus defassa; defassa represents sub-species
- The defassa waterbuck is a large, robust animal with long, shaggy hair and a brown-gray coat that emits an oily secretion from its sweat glands, which acts as a water repellent. It also has large, rounded ears and white patches above the eyes, and around the nose and mouth and throat. The common waterbuck has a conspicuous white ring encircling a dark rump, while the defassa has wide white patches on either side of the rump.
Male: Males are generally about 25% larger than the females. Only males have horns, prominently ringed and as long as 100 cm (40 in.). The horns are widely spaced and curve gracefully back and up.
- Male: Shoulder height of males about 125 cm (4.2 ft.)
- 148.5 to 225 kg (330 to 500 lbs.)
- Includes coarse grasses seldom eaten by other grazing animals and occasionally browse leaves from certain trees and bushes
- Gestation lasts approximately 280 days
- Sexual Maturity
- 2.5 to 3 years
- Life Span
- Up to 18 years
- South of the Sahara
- Inhabits areas close to water in savanna grasslands, gallery forests and riverine woodlands.
- Global: Unknown
- IUCN: Lower Risk/Conservation Dependent
CITES: Not listed
USFWS: Not listed
- Despite its name, the waterbuck is not actually aquatic. Rather, they are frequently found in the vicinity of rivers and lakes. They will often venture into the water to escape predators.
- Within all of the species in this genus, the waterbuck spends the least amount of time in wet areas, often venturing out into woodlands.
- These antelope are sedentary animals. Waterbucks do not migrate or move great distances, so territories are usually held year round. Like some other antelopes, the male does not mark his territory with dung or urine; his presence and smell are sufficient.
- When the defessa and common waterbucks have bordering ranges they often interbreed; as a result, some scientists consider the two groups as a single species instead of two separate species was they are referred to by others researchers.
- At 7 to 9 months, males are driven from their maternal family and join up with a bachelor herd. These groups have a distinct social hierarchy based on size and strength, and contests are frequent. Around 6 to 7 years, males become territorial, defending them against mature rivals with posturing and fights. These territories are maintained throughout the year, but a male is generally overthrown before he reaches 10 years of age.
Ecology and Conservation
Due to their dependency on the reed beds and shrub growth for foraging in wetland habitats, water development projects such as damming and rerouting water for hydroelectric power in some regions pose a possible threat to waterbuck.
Their grassland habitat is also being reduced due to habitat destruction for agricultural development.
Most waterbuck species have experienced declining numbers due to uncontrolled hunting.
Antelope are important to their habitats as grazers and browsers. They are also important as prey for carnivores such as lions, leopards, wild dogs, and spotted hyena.
Please contact us for our safaris
For our ready safaris. Check through
Gorilla tracking in Southwest Uganda. Meet and greet mountain gorillas in their natural environment, the stunning afromontane forest of Bwindi Impenetrable National Park. [jgm-preview-badge]
Discover the rich biodiversity of Uganda in Queen Elizabeth National Game Park. This Safari whisks you to this Site for the most immersive safari experience
Enjoy a wonderful safari to Uganda's largest game park and see the most powerful falls in the world. Experience four of the Big Five: lions, elephants, leopards, and Cape buffalos, and a boat trip on the Nile. Rhino sanctuary option available
Glimpsing Uganda’s famous wildlife can be tricky for time-limited travelers in the capital. Optimize your time on 2-day tour to Lake Mburo National Park, with round-trip transportation from your Kampala hotel ensuring seamless transfer.
This combined 5 Days Uganda Primates & Wildlife Safari will offer you the best sightings of several mammals including the tree-climbing lions, primates including gorillas, birds such as shoebills, reptiles like lizards, butterflies, and plenty of savanna grassland and tropical forest.
This luxury 3 days Kidepo safari will let you have a glimpse of one of finest Uganda’s national park. Kidepo Valley National Park harbors a lot of wildlife that can’t be found elsewhere in Uganda making it one of the best places for wildlife viewing in the country. This national park is still virgin and has a lot to offer to tourists. See itinerary below
The 9 Days Rwenzori Mountain Climbing Trip in Uganda is a full package mountaineering adventure tour, hiking to all the thrilling peaks of the Rwenzoris. The Rwenzori Mountains, previously called the Rwenzori Range and sometimes the Mountains of the Moon
The 7 Days Culture Safari in Uganda with Gorilla trekking commences in Kampala and can end in Kigali or Kampala depending on the traveller’s preference. The 7 days of Culture feature a blend of wildlife and gorillas.
This 10 days Uganda Gorillas safari, Chimpanzee trekking & wildlife safari offers Gorilla trekking, Chimpanzees tracking and wild life game drives coupled with amazing game scenery- the highlight of an African safari in Uganda.
A Day Trip To Source of Nile and Itanda falls is one of the shortest Uganda Safaris tours that a traveler can engage in as they decide to explore the Nile in the Pearl of Africa.