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Buffaloes in Uganda are large herbivorous mammals that belong to the Bovidea family. They are known for their distinctive appearance which includes a massive body, four legs and often curved horns. Buffaloes in Uganda hold a significant place in the country’s rich biodiversity.


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In Uganda, there are two main species of buffaloes, namely;

African Buffalo[Syncerus caffer]:

  • African buffaloes are also known as Cape buffaloes.
  • They are the most common buffalo species in Uganda.
  • They are large and powerful with shoulder height of 1.5m and a body weight of 500kg
  • These buffaloes form herds, which range from few individuals to hundreds.

Forest buffaloes[syncerus c. nanus]:

  • The forest buffalo is a smaller and more exclusive species found in some parts of Uganda, particularly in forested regions.
  • They are generally smaller than African buffaloes with a shoulder height of 1 meter and a weight of 250 kg.
  • Unlike African buffaloes, their horns are not as pronounced and don’t have the distinct bosses.
  • They tend to be more solitary or live in small groups.

Habitat; Buffaloes in Uganda inhabit a range of Ecosystems from savannahs and grasslands to wetlands and riverine areas. For example, in Queen Elizabeth, Kidepo valley and lake Mburo national parks.buffalo

Social structure; They form and live in herds, consisting of several dozen to several hundred individuals.

Ecological role; They are important grazers, shaping the vegetation and providing food for predators hence playing a crucial role in maintaining the ecological balance in Uganda.

Conservation; Uganda has made more efforts to conserve buffalo populations by protecting there habitats and implementing anti-poaching measures. These efforts are essential for the conservation of this species.

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African Buffalo @ inspire safaris

Tourism; Buffaloes are a popular attraction for people visiting Uganda’s national parks. They are an iconic part of Uganda’s rich biodiversity and are integral to the tourism industry.

Explore these majesty creatures with our professional guides Buffalos in Uganda

We organize buffalo exploring tours every year, for bookings and more information check our websites Inspire African Safari

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