chimpanzee

What to know about Chimpanzees

What to know about chimpanzees, Chimpanzees are great apes found across central and West Africa. Along with bonobos, they are our closest living relatives, sharing 98.7% of our genetic blueprint.

Where do chimpanzees usually live?
Chimpanzees commonly live in tropical rainforests, they can also be found in woodlands and grasslands spanning from central to western Africa. They usually sleep in trees—typically the ironwood tree, which offers the most comfortable sleep.

Wild chimpanzees can only be found in Africa. They are located in about 21 African countries, with a majority of numbers found in central Africa. The largest concentration of chimpanzees are mostly in rainforest areas as they need a water supply and access to fruits

What do chimpanzees usually eat?
Chimpanzees are omnivorous. That means in the wild they eat all sorts of produce as well as some animals but are particularly fond of fruits. The list of food items is long: fruits, roots, nuts, leaves, plants, flowers, insects, meat and more. In the wild, meat makes up less than 2% of their diet.

How do chimpanzees reproduce?
Female chimpanzees have menstrual cycles very like humans and come into oestrus every 36 days, unless they are pregnant. They give birth about every three-four years, after a gestation period of 8 months. A female may be mated by all the males in a troop, regardless of their social standing, who show no sign of competition between themselves.

Usually only one baby is born – twins are rare. If it is the female’s first baby, she often appears not to know quite what to do with it! However, by a combination of instinct, watching more experienced mothers with their babies, and learning, she soon starts to care for it.
Females reach reproductive age at 13, while males are not considered adults until they are 15.

How do chimpanzees socially behave?
They are highly social animals that live in dozens led by an alpha male.
Tracking chimpanzees in the African rainforests is an extraordinary experience, unlike any other animal encounter in Africa. These intelligent and thoughtful primates, closely related to humans, offer a unique opportunity to come face to face with a wild primate in their natural habitat.

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