Dodoma

DODOMA CITY SOUTH TANZANIA EXPLORE

Ambitious and captivating

Dodoma city – located in the wine region of central Tanzania – embodies nationalistic ambition as a capital. Its grand street plan and imposing architecture however, differs from everyday life and the rural environment.

The rare and wondrous Kondoa Rock-Art Sites (UNESCO World Heritage Sites), scattered along the slopes of the Rift Valley, are among the main attractions of the Dodoma region.

About Dodoma city

Dodoma city is the center for national politics and is surrounded by a rich agricultural area and a pleasant landscape.
The Dodoma region is known for its historical monuments inherited from the ancient peoples who lived in these areas,
but it is also the region of a promising emerging viticulture.

Activities

Dodoma city as a prestige project is interesting to visit and has several sights such as the Gaddafi Mosque, Nyerere Square and the University of Dodoma.
In the immediate vicinity – between the Tarangire National Park and Dodoma city –
are the Kondoa Rock Art paintings and Tanzania’s 4th highest mountain, Mount Hanang.

Dodoma city

City walk

This city walk takes you past Dodoma Cathedral, the Anglican Church and the Muammar Gaddafi Mosque. In addition, the round Bunge building, which houses the Tanzanian parliament, is also worth a visit.

Animals in the environment

In the town of Dodoma town itself there are no wild animals, just the usual domestic animals and many species of birds.

The closest national parks are Ruaha National Park and Mikumi National Park.

History

At Independence, Dodoma Region was a part of What was the Central Province. In 1963 Dodoma Region wa established after separation of Singida and Dodoma Regions (The two were part of the former Central Province).

At its inception the Region consisted of the three rural Districts of Dodoma, Kondoa and Mpwapwa. Later on, the Urban District of Dodoma made up the fourth District. In 1995 Mpwapwa District was divided into two Districts namely Kongwa and Mpwapwa which made up the fifth District in the Region.

In 2007 Dodoma Rural District was Divided into two Districts of Bahi and Chamwino. This made up the sixth Distric, In 2012 Kondoa District was Divided into two Districts namely Kondoa and Chemba which finaly made the Region to have Seven Districts. .

Land Area and Administrative Units

The Region has a total land area of 41.311sq. kms. making it the 12th largest region of Tanzania Mainland out of 20. Some 5% of the Mainland is in Dodoma Region.

Area and Administrative Units

District

Area (km²)

Division

Wards

Mitaa

Villages

Dodoma

2,576

4

41

170

18

Bahi

5,949

4

22

59

Chamwino

8,056

5

36

107

Chemba

7,653

4

26

114

Kondoa

5,557

5

29

11

109

Kongwa

4,041

3

22

87

Mpwapwa

7,479

4

33

18

113

TOTAL

41,311

29

209

199

607

Source: PO – Regional Administration and Local Government Authorities

Population Size and Growth

Like Most Regions in Tanzania Mainland, the population of Dodoma Region has experienced a significant growth. The Region had 2,083,588 people in 2012 compared to 1,086,748 inhabitants counted in the 2002 Census. The Region represented 4.8 percent of the total population of Tanzania Mainland which was 43,625,354 in 2012. the projections for 2016 put the Regional population at 2,407,597 out of which, Females account for 51 percent of the population.

National and Dodoma Regional Population growth 1948 to 2012

Year

Population

Region as % of Nation

Annual Growth Rates %

Tanzania Mainland

Dodoma Region

National

Regional

1948

7,478,000

466,200

6.2

1.8

1.1

1957

8,786,000

514,400

5.9

1.8

1.1

1967

11,951,933

709,380

5.9

3.1

3.3

1978

17,036,499

972,005

5.7

3.2

2.9

1988

22,533,758

1,235,328

5.5

2.8

2.4

2002

33,584,607

1,698,996

5.1

2.9

2.3

2012

44,928,923

2,083,588

4.6

2.7

2.1

Source: Population Census Report of 1957,1967, 1978, 1988,2002 and 2012

Dodoma Regional Population by District 2012

District

Population (Number)

Average Household Size

Sex Ratio

Total

Male

Female

Tatal

2,083,588

1,014,974

1,068,614

4.6

95

Kondoa

269,704

136,518

133,186

4.8

103

Mpwapwa

305,056

147,306

157,750

4.6

93

Kongwa

309,973

149,221

160,752

5.0

93

Chamwino

330,543

158,882

171,661

4.5

93

Dodoma

410,956

199,487

211,469

4.4

94

Bahi

221,645

105,975

115,670

4.5

92

Chemba

235,711

117,585

118,126

4.7

100

Source: Population Census Report 2012

Population Density

Dodoma Region had ana average population density of 50 person per sq. km in 2012 and was considered to be moderately densely populated in Tanzania Mainland. It is projected that by the year 2022 Dodoma Region Region will have a total population of about 2,642,287 and an average population density of 60 people per square kilometer. The Region by its size is not considered to have land pressure.

Ethnic Groups

The main indigenous ethnic groups are Gogo, Rangi and Taturu. Others who form significant minorities are the Sandawe, Barbaig, Hadzabe, Kimbu, and the Sangu. In this latter group the Maasai and Wairaqi are the only ones who lead a totally nomadic pastoralist life and are hence to be found all over the region. The Watatoga who occupy the North-Western part of Kondoa District have the Distinction of being mainly hunters and honey Collectors. The Wasandawe are another group which requires special mention in that they are the remnants of a once large group of KHOISAN or click – speaking people. They are mainly found in Chemba District.

Geographical Location

Dodoma Region lies inland very close to the centre of Tanzania Mainland. Its location attracts the Tanzania Government to establish its Capital in Dodoma Municipality. Dodoma Region is located south of the equator between latitudes 6° 57′ and 3° 82′. Longitudinally the Region is situated between 36° 26′ and 35° 26′ east of Greenwich. It boarders four Regions namely Manyara, Iringa, Singida and Morogoro. It is accessible from Manyara through Babati and Kateshi in Manyara Region; Dar es Salaam and Pwani through Morogoro and Tabora, Shinyanga and Mwanza through Manyoni in Singida Region. All the Roads are accessible through out the year.

Climate

Dodoma Region is mostly Semi-arid due to low and erratic rainfall. Rainfall is the most important climatic factor in the Region. It falls in a single rainy season between November/December and April/May. Generally these rains fall in heavy storms resulting in flash floods. Consequently about 60% of the precipitation becomes run-off rather than penetrating the soil for crop growth.

Total rainfall ranges from 500mm to 800mm per anum with high geographical, seasonal and annual variation.

The temperature in the Region vary according according to altitude but generally range from about 15ºC in July to 30ºC during the month of October. Moreover, temperature differences are observed between day and night and may be very high with hot afternoons going up to 35ºC and chilly nights going down to 10ºC.

Topography

Dodoma Region occupies the Northern part of the central plateu of Tanzania which has elevations ranging from 1,200m to 1,500m above sea level. Surrounding the Region on all sides except the South-Eastern boundary with a major scarp of up to 180 Meters high which is the Eastern part of the Great Rift Valley. Topographically Dodoma Region forms party of the Central Plateu of Eastern Africa extending from Ethiopia in the North to the Transvaa in the South.

 

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